Az-Zuhd al-Kabir lil-Imam al-Bayhaqi Al-Bayhaqi (H) – الزهد الكبير للإمام البيهقي. Az-Zuhd. Renouncing Worldly Pleasures in Order to Gain Nearness to. Allah. Ϧϣ ϟ΍. ϦϴϜϟΎδϟ΍ Ν΍έ΍Ϊϣ ΏΎΘϜ. Extracted from the book al-Madaarijus-. Download (Right click then save target as) by Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah Extracted from the book al-Madaarijus-saalikeen by Talib Tyson.

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Az-Zuhd is, “The opposite of being eager and concerned about the dunya the life of this world.

The Muslim ancestors who set good examples in the application of Islam have various opinions with regards to the meaning of az-Zuhd. Ibn al-Qayyim for example said, “I heard Shaykh ul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah say, ‘ Az-Zuhd entails abandoning what does not bring about benefit in the Hereafter.

Al-Wara’ abandoning a part of the permissible for fear of falling into the impermissible entails abandoning what you fear its consequences in the Hereafter. In addition, Sufyan ath-Thawri said, ” Az-Zuhd in this dunya entails having a short hope or avoiding having hopes that one will live longnot by wearing the thick clothes or wearing the garment as some people who observe fake zuhd think is a part of az-zuhd.

Imam az-Zuhri also said that Az-Zuhd”Entails avoiding thanking Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala only for the halaland avoiding being patient only with the haram. Al-Hasan al-Basri also said, “Az-Zuhd in this dunya is not achieved by prohibiting the halalnor by wasting money.

Rather, it entails your being more certain in what Zugd subhanahu wa ta’ala has in His Hands, than your are about what you have in your hand. It also entails being eager for the reward of practicing patience during zyhd calamity, if a calamity touches you, more than if the calamity did not touch you as in this case, one will not gain the reward for observing patience during hard times.

However, one should not wish for disasters to hit. Az-Zuhd resides in the heart, and it can be achieved by ridding the heart of the slave from the love and the eagerness for this life.

This way, the dunya will be xz one’s hand, not in his heart, where the love for Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and the Hereafter will and should reside. Az-Zuhd does not entail abandoning the dunya altogether.

Practising Az-Zuhd in the Dunya –

The Messenger of Allah aaz ‘alayhi wa sallam was the leader of all those who practiced az-zuhd. Yet, he married nine times. Also, Prophet Dawud and Sulayman were kings as Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has described them. Yet, they were also among the zuhhad those who observe zuhd. The companions of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam were also among the zuhhad.

Yet, they all had wives, children and material possessions. The importance of this hadith is demonstrated in the fact that it explains the way through which one can gain Allah’s subhanahu wa ta’ala Love, which is the ultimate prize that mankind can and should ever seek to achieve and attain. He whom Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala loves, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will honor him and will spread about his love in the earth.

As for he whom Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala hates, He will spread about his hatred in the zund. Further, this hadith explains the conduct because of which mankind will love the slave. It is a fact that when a person is loved by his community, he or she will feel great happiness and zhud. Also, when one is loved by his community, he or she will be more acceptable and familiar to his people, and this will help those who call unto Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala succeed in their mission, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala willing.


The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Perform zuhd in the dunya. There are many texts in the Qur’an and the Sunnah that encourage being a zuud in the dunya. These texts demonstrate the little significance that the dunya has and point out its briefness and quick demise.

These texts also strengthen the eagerness in the Last Life, which joy is eternal. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says:. But in the Hereafter there is a severe torment for the believers, evildoersand there is Forgiveness of Allah and His Good Pleasure for the believers, gooddoerswhereas the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment.

The dunyatherefore, is brief and is bound to end sometime soon. Therefore, the slave ought not busy himself with its affairs, nor forget the affair of the Last Life which will never end.

Kitab Az Zuhd

The last ayat states that the life of this world is a deceiving, short-lived joy that contains what does not bring about any benefit. Also the life of this world is pomp, which will encourage one to indulge in it and forget the Hereafter. Further, this life is full of competition and boasting about having what this life offers of money, offspring, etc.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then illustrates the briefness of this life by mentioning the rain when it comes down on the earth and thus the ground becomes green and lively with various plants and vegetation. Soon afterwards, the earth will revert to its near past and will become dry and dead again.

This is the exact case with the life of this world. Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said that the Messenger aa Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam once passed by the marketplace, passing from the area of al-‘Aliyah, while people were all around him.

He then passed by a dead goat, which ears were small, then took it by the ear, saying, “Who amongst you would like to have this dead goat with small ears for a dirham a currency? Even if it was alive, its small ears will be a deficiency, so how about when it is dead? The dunya is less significant in the Sight of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala than this is to you. Furthermore, Al-Mustawrid al-Fihry related from the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam that he said, “The dunya, qz compared to the akhirah the Hereafteris just like when one of you dips his finger in the sea!

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Home Library Purification of the Soul. What Does Az-Zuhd Mean? Imam Ahmad divided az-zuhd into three parts: Avoiding the prohibitions, and this is the zuhd of the commoners. Ibn al-Qayyim stated that this type is an obligation; Abandoning what is not a necessity among the halal matters. This zkhd is the zuhd of the distinguished people; and Abandoning what will busy one from the remembrance of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. This is the zuhd of those who have knowledge in the religion.


The Status of this Hadith The importance of this hadith is demonstrated in the fact that it explains the way through which one can gain Zuuhd subhanahu wa ta’ala Love, which is the ultimate prize that mankind can and should ever seek to achieve and attain.

Belittling the Dunya The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Perform zuhd in the dunya. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: Reasons Behind Az-Zuhd There are several reasons that encourage one to indulge in zuhd: The slave’s iman being strong, his remembering when he or she will stand between the Hands of Allah subhanahu wa ta’alaand his remembering the torments of the Day of Resurrection will all rid his heart from all will belittle the love of this dunya and its short-lived joys.

Hence, the slave will avoid excessive indulging in the joys and the desires of this life, all the while feeling content with whatever he has in it; The slave’s feeling that this dunya busies the hearts from the remembering of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and that it hinders the path of mankind from stepping up the ladder of acquiring higher grades in the Hereafter. Also, the Muslim’s feeling that mankind will certainly be asked about the joys and the delights of this life, as Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight you indulged in, in this world!

In this regard, mankind pays a significant effort and deep thinking. One may then have to mingle with the worst types of people.

All this will come at the expense of seeking knowledge of the religion, conducting da’wah unto Allah subhanahu wa ta’alaperforming jihad and worshipping Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Zubd the slave feels all this and when he has an enlightened heart, he will feel compelled and encouraged to disregard the dunyaso that he will be able to preserved what is essential and that which will never end; and The Qur’an belittles the significance of the dunya and its zuhx, while describing this life as deceiving, false and short-lived pastime that involves wasting the time.

Also, Allah’s subhanahu wa ta’ala criticism of the adverse effect that excessive indulging in the dunya will result in the Hereafter.

The numerous texts in the Qur’an and the Sunnah about this subject will encourage the Muslim to abandon matters of the dunya xz busy himself with what will truly remain. Be Mindful O Mankind! Learn what you will, but know that so long as you do not implement what you learn, Allah will give you no reward for it.