Cabezas colosales olmecas. Responsibility: Beatriz de la Fuente. Edition: 1. ed. Imprint: México, D.F.: El Colegio Nacional, Physical description: p. Jul 23, XI – Olmec – Las cabezas colosales olmecas son por lo menos diecisiete representaciones monumentales de piedra de cabezas humanas. Cyphers Anne «Las cabezas colosales», Arqueología Mexicana, II (12), pp. Escultura olmeca de San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán, UNAM, Mexico.

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Ta-Ntalas Usage on mk. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. The characteristics of the sculpture have led to some investigators suggesting that it represents a deceased person.

Dielh In the land of the Olmec. The head sports large earflares that completely cover the earlobes, although severe erosion makes their exact form difficult to distinguish. University of California Department of Anthropology. The mouth is sensitively cabzas and the head possesses a pronounced chin.

Agrandir Original jpeg, k. With the only exception of Cyphers, who hardly half-opens the door to doubt, the general belief is that the heads are portraits of rulers. The latter represented the severed heads of opponents who probably were losers in ritual battles.

Parque-Museo La Venta

The ears are wearing large flattened rings that overlap the straps; they probably represent jade ornaments of a type that have been recovered in the Olmec region. We may add that if we interpret the Monte Alto heads as severed trophies, there is every reason to consider likewise their Olmec forerunners. Alternatively, the backs of many of these massive monuments olmecaw have been flattened to ease their transport, [34] providing a coloales form for hauling the monuments with ropes. Clark and Mary E.


Autonomous University of Barcelona. Their mouths have very thick, sometimes parted, lips but lack the feline look.

cabezas colosales-olmecas

The boulders were brought from the Sierra de los Tuxtlas mountains of Veracruz. Like at La Venta, the sculptures that figured corpses and severed heads were placed on the margins of the site. Colossal statues Indigenous sculpture of the Americas Olmec art Stone sculptures Mesoamerican stone sculpture.

Map of La Venta; b. It has sagging cheeks and wide eyes. Deep seams flank the nose. Commenting on this first encounter, Melgar quoted by Pasztory wrote: Propongo que los olmecas apreciaban las estatuas antropomorfas que incorporaban rasgos del jaguar y despreciaban el estilo muy naturalista de las cabezas colosales. La Jornada in Spanish.

File:Cabeza Colosal nº1 del Museo – Wikipedia

The head is globular with three circular depressions that recall the openings for eyes and mouth on a colosakes skin mask. Coronado Ruiz, Anabella — A head from La Venta is decorated with the head of a bird.

They form two groups: I contend that Olmec monumental art illustrates the opposite, and suggest that the Olmecs most appreciated the anthropomorphic statues that incorporated feline features, and disliked the very naturalistic style of cbezas colossal heads.

Together with these, of particular relevance to the colossal heads are the “Olmec-style masks” in stone, [9] so called because none have yet been excavated in circumstances that allow the proper archaeological identification of an Olmec context. San Lorenzo Monument 4″. At the opposite end of the site southon Str. Hand-made figurines; d, e. The cheeks are given coolsales by the action of smiling; the brow that is normally visible in other heads is covered by the rim of the headdress.

Earth structures such as mounds, platforms and causeways upon the plateau demonstrate that the Olmec possessed the necessary knowledge and could commit the resources to build large-scale earthworks. The general physical characteristics of the heads are of a type olmeas is still common among people in the Olmec region in modern times. These tassels are judged to represent hair rather than cords. The Teotihuacan and the Olmec helmets bear a close resemblance, one to the other.


Two short straps hang down from the headdress in front of the ears. The face is that of an ageing man with wrinkles under the eyes and across the bridge of the nose, and a forehead that is creased in a frown. The head was discovered in a deep gully by Matthew Stirling in ; it was found lying face down and its excavation was difficult due to the wet conditions in the gully.

Combining feline and human traits, it represents lightning and at the same time is an emblem of the earth. Olmec colossal heads vary in height from 1.

Olmec Art At Dumbarton Oaks. Hammond, Norman March The latter must not be assumed; they have to be demonstrated through the recurrence of individual features. It is likely that they were portraits of living or recently deceased rulers well known to the sculptors. In the rare occasions when the subject is dealt with, portraiture is mistaken for naturalism and is not demonstrated but olmscas as obvious.