La clave jeroglífica aplicada a la conquista de México. The color plates below are taken from Cyrus Thomas, “A Study of the Manuscript Troano” in Contribution to North American Ethnology, Volume V. In the late 19th. A Study of the Manuscript Troano – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File Alonso Ponce. in the Coleocion de Documentos para la Historia de Eapana.
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These groups, each consisting of twenty years, not only fall within the lines marking the Katunes, but come in trosno succession, leaving four uncounted years between each two periods — two belonging to one and two to that which follows. The graphic system of the Mayas of Yucatan was very different from that of the Aztecs.
It was obtained from some unknown person in Vienna in Ill and IV for both. Digitized by Google But tliero are reasons for documeno that it pertained to a companituely well- wooded section.
FAMSI – Maya Codices – The Madrid Codex
The eighteen months were named and numbered as follows: The frequent occurrence of these day and numeral characters, often in connection, led to the belief that the work was a kind of religious cal- endar, a belief strongly supported by the character of the figures in the spaces. The expression has been criticised, but I agree with Dr. Some may contend that it was not the intention to fix the years, as this is possi- bly the date of some feast or religious ceremony to be observed each year.
Thus we count through and go back to the left, and so continue until we reach the number of the month desired; We will now illustrate the use of this table by some examples, but first we must warn the reader not to confuse the day of the month with the day of the week; the numbers of the days of the month are given in the extreme right-hand column of the table, which is not counted as one of the thirteen; the days of the week, as heretofore stated, are always given thus: Ancient peoples and places series 6th edition, fully revised and expanded ed.
Brinton, Charency, and Rosny, are disposed to follow the opinion of Perez, that it contained twenty-four years. Additional proof to the same effect I think is also to be derived from a symbolical figure in the Manuscnpt itself The most notable figure in the upper compartment of Plate XXIII our Plate IV is the blue one in the upper left-hand corner on a black background surrounded by a white border, the latter crossed by dotted ra3’8, each ray terminating with a little ring; a dagger is piercing the eye of the blue sitting figure.
Now, I take for granted that placing the red numeral at the top of the column is equivalent to documejto ing it to each day in the column, thus: So, no doubt, it did. In some cases the combination, if interpreted according to the usual meaning of the words, may, by a somewhat strained interpre- tation, be formed into a sentence, but such cases are exceedingly rare, only one having, so far, been observed, and here it is purely accidental.
The same terms are employed in speaking of the ancient graphic system as of the present one.
As these groups all fit into the Ahaues as I have divided them oflf, we have in this fact a strong presumption that our division is correct; still, it is proper to state here, as will be shown here- after, that all these periods will also fit into the Ahaues if the grand cycle is divided according to the theory advanced by Selior Perez.
Before proceeding further in our discussion of the Manuscript it will be necessary for us to decide in referei ce to the following points relating to the calendar upon which we have incidentally touched: I think we find conclusive evidence in the work that the Ahau or Katun was a period of 24 years, and the great cycle of ; also, that the series commenced with a Cauac instead of a Kan year, as has been usually supposed.
This alone is sufficient to cause us to suspect a reversal. As suggested by Perez and Dr. In the second division of Plates XXX and XXXI, commencing on the left half of the former and continuing through the latter, we observe a series of figures all similar to each other, except the one to the right on Plate XXX, which is the long-nosed god.
The codex was discovered in Spain in the s; it was divided into two parts of differing sizes that were found in different locations. Documnto ingenious and suggestive analysis of Landaus alphabet and of various figures in the Dresden and Troano Codices was carried out by Dr.
Naumann’s establishment at Leipzig to the number of fifty copies, forty of which were placed on sale.
From Kingsborough’s work a few pages of the Codex have been from time to time republished in other books, which call for no special mention. The respective numbers of these periods as thus fixed in the Ahau-Katun.
Madrid Codex (Maya)
There is also one red numeral — Fig. No one at all familiar with the two could fail at once to distinguish between the Manuscripts of the two nations.
But even here we see the religious element pervading everything. The first publication of any portion of this Codex was by Alexander von Humboldt, who had five pages of it copied for his work, Viies des Cor- dilUres et Monumens des Peuples Indigenes de VAndriquej issued at Paris in not 1as the title-page has it.
If we refer to Table II of the days of the months and year, and run our eyes along the transverse line opposite Cauac, we shall find the order to be as follows: As bearing upon, and, as I believe, tending strongly to confirm this conclusion, I will introduce here some examples from the Manuscript. Table XIV commences with a Cauac year, and is of the usual form, as heretofore given.
We learn from the figures in the Manuscript that the cross in some of its xocumento was in use among this people as a religious emblem, and also that the bird was in some cases brought into connection with it, as at Palenque. I append, in a note, a list of his essays on this subject, with their dates, so far as I know them.
These calculations are based upon the supposition that Cauac was the documrnto year of the cycle, but the same rule will apply with Kan or any other as the first of the series.