WHY WAS THE NATIVE LAND HUSBANDRY ACT OF FOLLOWED BY RESISTENCE AND UNGOVERNABILITY AMONG THE AFRICANS? The Native. The Native Land Husbandry Act of Southern Rhodesia: a failure in land reform. Responsibility: by Mary Elizabeth Bulman. Imprint: Salisbury: Tribal Areas of. land allocation, , , , , , management, pests Agenda 83, 87 Native Land Husbandry Act, (Zimbabwe), , natural world.

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The Struggle For Land in Zimbabwe (1890 – 2010)……riots against Land Husbandry Act (1951)

Furthermore, it was politically untenable for government to evict or dislodge these people at a hushandry invasions on a much wider scale were being carried out elsewhere in the country with the government doing nothing about it.

None or very few women were allocated plots.

Indeed, “Women worked the land, but had no say as to what should be planted or sold”. The Land Apportionment Act ofdespite its notorious apartheid-leaning land policy, had very little new impact on Land Apportionment oof It also evaluates the need for land as a factor of accumulation and water rights in addressing key issues that could enable Zimbabwe realise peace and the much-needed restoration of the economy.

Nonetheless, whatever forms of land seizure occurred in Matabeleland were predominantly based on 1951zmibabwe production and not dryland and irrigated cropping as the case in Sanyati and other parts of Zimbabwe’s savannah woodland.

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Gowe-Sanyati; droogland en besproeiingslandbou-ontwikkeling; grondregte; grondbesitreg; grondwette; grondhervorming; waterbronne; uitsetting; stryd; konflik; menseregte; grondinvalle. The inception of a pilot Smallholder Irrigation Scheme at Gowe inamong other UDI policies, was designed to alleviate landhunger for the rural peasantry, particularly those with master farmer certification, most of whom were involved in cotton farming.

As shown above, when the people’s aspirations after independence were not met, there was a “crisis of expectations”. Even the Chavunduka Commission of acknowledged that the process of land degradation was increasing at a rapid and frightening pace. Most “reserve” entrepreneurs in this area cultivated up to fifteen acres. These farmers mainly men hoped to maximise their economic gain by the dual possession and cultivation of both dryland and irrigation holdings.


Thus, this period witnessed the open onslaughts not only on the rising number of vacated plots but also on Estate land. Alexander, “The Unsettled Land: The Director of Native Agriculture, R. More evictions and loss of land.

As already indicated, some people from Gowe took part in the invasion of the Estate at the beginning of the s.

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Several rural development projects were also hampered. In turn, the government provided land to beneficiaries selected mainly by district officials under the supervision of central government officials. With the coming of these people, the village was extended and subsequently divided into the “Old Line” comprising the settlers and the “New Line” which was established by settlers who arrived in President Mugabe was also a key issue leading to the historic “No” vote to the Chidyausiku Draft Constitution which was discarded by the nation on 13 February Despite the fact that by August over 3 farms had been targeted for compulsory acquisition, less than 30 farms totalling 60 ha had been acquired through compulsory methods.

In October alone, 1 workers were retrenched. This is also called “freedom ploughing” i.

Dit vereis dat verskeie belanghebbendes hulle moet losmaak van geykte houdings en weerstand teen ‘n benadering wat op regte gebaseer is en een volg wat op grondhervorming toegespits is. Thus, the irrigators just like the dryland communal farmers in the surrounding area, used many inventing ways of accessing more land.

In turn, the government provided land to beneficiaries selected mainly by district officials. This article seeks to fill this gap by examining land struggles in both the dryland and irrigated rural settings of Zimbabwe.

The dryland farmers were then settled in Sanyati on eight-acre holdings per family.

As a result, 1951zimbqbwe observed: They grew sorghum, rapoko, millet and groundnuts. Intermittent meetings have been held since involving the local MP, the estate manager, and other stakeholders over this issue. Because land was never made available to the offspring of plotholders or “the rising stars” as one of Mjoli’s sons, Weddington, calls them, their parents used their own resources and the inflow of capital from their migrant sons to plough more land which they viewed as lying idle after it had been vacated.


Conclusively, it is now crystal clear that the Native Land Husbandry Act of was followed by resistance because it deprived the local people of their right to land. We have neither large lajd of flat land nor unlimited water resources in this country, but to accommodate the growing native population every available acre will have to be put to maximum use.

Byfor instance, the number of school leavers began to exceed the number of openings for work.

It was neither the government, as driver of the land acquisition policy, nor the intended beneficiaries, who controlled the process. Zimbabwe’s land struggles and land rights in historical perspective: However, following the o of the LAA in to become the NLHA, new irrigation projects were husbanvry as a means of absorbing the displaced African population from areas such as Rhodesdale. However it was poor, arid land.

Once the war was over, the government of independent Zimbabwe showed its commitment to addressing land disparities by embarking on resettlement programmes across the country.

Zimbabwe – The Native Land Husbandry Act,

Added to this, in Sanyati their male counterparts were constantly dissatisfied with their small plots, let alone another eviction which was looming for those who had occupied land that was designated for estate irrigation agriculture in the early s.

The Act also entrenched and legalised the practises of centralisation and continuous cultivation on soils husandry were quite unsuitable for them.

The full text of one of his warnings read: The fields were bigger compared to the standard “reserve” allotments of the s and s. In the past this has led to clashes between the government and other stakeholders and similar outbursts are expected to continue in the future if the land issue remains unresolved. Mackenzie, “Land Tenure and Biodiversity: